The Bitcoin Power Law is a predictive model developed to forecast the future price of Bitcoin.

Created by Giovanni Santostasi, a former physics professor, the model purports to use mathematical and scientific principles to map out Bitcoin's price trajectory on a log-log scale.

This guide aims to explain the foundations of the Bitcoin Power Law, its predictions, and its implications in the world of cryptocurrency.

Understanding the Power Law


A power law is a mathematical relationship where one quantity is proportional to a fixed power of another. This principle has been observed in various natural and financial phenomena, from the orbits of planets to the dynamics of stock market changes.

The Bitcoin Power Law applies this concept to the pricing of Bitcoin, suggesting a predictable pattern of growth over time.

Key components of the Bitcoin Power Law

  • Formula: The core of the Bitcoin Power Law is expressed algebraically as Estimated Price = A * (days from GB)^n. In this formula, "GB" stands for the Genesis Block of Bitcoin, mined on January 3, 2009, "A" is a constant (10^-17), and "n" is 5.8.
  • Predictions: According to Santostasi, the model forecasts Bitcoin reaching a cycle peak of $210,000 in January 2026 and a subsequent low of $60,000 later in the year. It also predicts a minimum short-term price of $35,000 and projects a long-term price of $1 million by 2033.

Analysis and implications

The Bitcoin Power Law's linear representation of price against time suggests a stable growth trajectory for Bitcoin, which Santostasi likens to the expansion of a city. This model claims to offer a more measured and reliable perspective on Bitcoin's growth, in contrast with speculative price prediction models that dominate much of the cryptocurrency discourse.

Critiques and considerations

While the Bitcoin Power Law provides a fascinating outlook on Bitcoin's potential, it's crucial to approach such predictions with caution. Financial markets are inherently unpredictable, and models based on past data cannot guarantee future outcomes.

Critics argue that price projections like the Bitcoin Power Law and the now widely criticized stock-to-flow model could lead to unrealistic investor expectations.



The Bitcoin Power Law represents a novel approach to understanding Bitcoin's value progression through the lens of mathematical and scientific principles. Its creator's comparison of Bitcoin's growth to the development of a city offers a fresh perspective on cryptocurrency as a stable and evolving asset.

However, as with any predictive model, it's essential for investors and enthusiasts to maintain a critical eye on the assumptions and limitations inherent in forecasting financial futures.


This article was written with the assistance of AI. Edited and fact-checked by Stephen Graves. The views and opinions expressed by the author are for informational purposes only and do not constitute financial, investment, or other advice.

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